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Effects of pre-release of dietary supplements on sterile Queensland fruit flies

Congratulations to Md Jamil Hossain Biswas and co-authors for recently publishing a paper on effects of pre-release dietary supplements of methoprene and raspberry ketone on Queensland fruit flies



Pre-release dietary supplements of methoprene and raspberry ketone increase field abundance of sterile Queensland fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Md Jamil Hossain Biswas, Bishwo P. Mainali, Jess R. Inskeep, Dominic Cross


Abstract

The sterile insect technique (SIT) is a sustainable pest management tool based on the release of millions of sterile insects that suppress reproduction in targeted populations. Success of SIT depends on survival, maturation, dispersal, and mating of released sterile insects. Laboratory and field cage studies have demonstrated that dietary supplements of methoprene and raspberry ketone (RK) promote sexual maturation of adult Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), and may hence shorten the delay between release and maturity in the field. We investigated the effects of methoprene and RK dietary supplements on field abundance of sexually mature sterile Q-flies relative to untreated flies fed only sugar and yeast hydrolysate before release at 2 d of age. Compared with untreated flies, more methoprene- and RK-treated flies were recaptured in cuelure traps to which only sexually mature males are attracted. At distances of 100 and 200 m from the release point, recapture rates were higher for methoprene- and RK-treated flies than for untreated flies, but at 300 m recapture rates were low and were similar for treated and untreated flies. Rainfall, relative humidity, wind speed, and wind direction did not affect recapture rates, but temperature was positively correlated with recapture rates for all treatments. There was a strong correlation between the number of sterile and wild flies caught in traps, indicating co-location in the field. Dietary supplements of methoprene and RK can substantially increase abundance of sexually mature sterile male Q-flies in the field following release as 2-d-old immature adults.


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